How SpaceX and Boeing will get Astronauts to the ISS

शेयर करें
एम्बेड करें
  • 22/02/2019 को प्रकाशित
  • I have all the graphics from this video up on my website if you want to digest them more! -
    We’re at a really exciting time where the number of crewed vehicles going to the international space station will go from just one to three!. The Soyuz’s 8 year monopoly for getting humans to the ISS is coming to an end.
    So today we’re going to take a deep dive on the two new spaceships that will be responsible for taking humans to and from the International Space Station from the United States. We’ll compare the Boeing Starliner riding an Atlas V rocket to SpaceX’s Crew Dragon on their Falcon 9 Rocket.
    And to see how we’ve progressed in the world of human spaceflight, we’ll also compare all these systems along side Russia’s Soyuz capsule and the United State’s retired Space Shuttle in a side by side comparison.
    We’ll look at the designs, the rockets they’ll ride, dimensions, cost, safety considerations, and any other unique features that each vehicle offers.
    Considering I’ve been up close and personal with SpaceX’s Crew Dragon Capsule, and Boeing’s Starliner, I’ve got some good insight on some of these vehicles.
    00:00 - Intro
    02:22 - Boeing Starliner
    10:15 - Dragon Capsule
    18:59 - Side By Side Comparison
    26:00 - Conclusion
    Thanks for the AWESOME renders! They TRULY made this video special!!!
    Reese Carges - @AstroReeseW
    Lionel Oullette - @ArcturusVFX
    Show your support by becoming a Patreon -
    This video had four "Moon Walkers" who helped make this possible - Blake Jacobs, Mac Malkawi, David Osojnik and Matthew Nolan.
    The best place for all your space merch needs!
    All music is original! Check out my album "Maximum Aerodynamic Pressure" anywhere you listen to music (Spotify, iTunes, Google Play, Amazon, etc) or click here for easy links -
    And also check out "27 Merlins" a song composed to Falcon Heavy's sequence of events -
    I'm the cohost of an awesome podcast where we talk all about current technologies and how they shape our future! or here on TV-india
  • विज्ञान और तकनीकविज्ञान और तकनीक

टिप्पणियाँ • 100

  • TotallyTerribleContent
    TotallyTerribleContent दिन पहले

    SpaceX: so here is the capsule
    The capsule: 👃 👁 👃 👁 👃

  • Macer198
    Macer198 3 दिन पहले +4

    NASA: No, your capsule cant fly
    SpaceX: Why?
    NASA: Becuase it has n o s e s

  • Ali reemaaz Ahmed
    Ali reemaaz Ahmed 5 दिन पहले

    Why didnt nasa pick blue origin blue origin and space x are the best to pick up

  • ROK
    ROK 6 दिन पहले +1

    As we can see from this video space shuttle was an amazing amazing feat of engineering. I’m in awe whenever I even think about it.

  • robert gunkelman
    robert gunkelman 9 दिन पहले

    I'm curious why Dream Chaser wasn't in the final comparison?

  • Hello Kitty Lover Man!
    Hello Kitty Lover Man! 9 दिन पहले

    Coming back here to rewatch and add comments to my previous ones after watching your SLS-vs.-Starship show, where I said that that seemed kind of like a friendly "format war:" This seems like that too!

  • Jayden Guzman
    Jayden Guzman 13 दिन पहले

    La casa si

  • Jayden Guzman
    Jayden Guzman 13 दिन पहले

    No vinace noloto

  • Jayden Guzman
    Jayden Guzman 13 दिन पहले

    La si El Salvador

  • Jayden Guzman
    Jayden Guzman 13 दिन पहले

    Vinace noloto no

  • Tsaqif Almer Lazuardy Ahmad
    Tsaqif Almer Lazuardy Ahmad 14 दिन पहले

    Sooo.... Is the soyuz retired?

  • Neil Rosenau
    Neil Rosenau 20 दिन पहले

    Why does Elon get so much credit? He is just "Paying" NASA to have his name on the rocket....

    • Dimas Gilang Bagaskoro
      Dimas Gilang Bagaskoro 19 दिन पहले

      Huh? Elon is the founder, CEO, and head engineer in SpaceX. Wht do u mean he just "paying" NASA? It's the opposite. NASA paying SpaceX to build new vehicle capable sending astronauts to ISS

  • Jasonl897YT
    Jasonl897YT 20 दिन पहले


  • Lawrence Idong
    Lawrence Idong 21 दिन पहले

    Eww Boeing should stick to planes

  • Larry
    Larry 25 दिन पहले

    Holy schmanke this is a good channel.

  • Scott Smith
    Scott Smith 25 दिन पहले +1

    Where do you get your models?

  • Tazer Face
    Tazer Face 26 दिन पहले

    And the winner is... Humanity

  • TheLuftwaffle -
    TheLuftwaffle - 26 दिन पहले

    I’m glad to come back and see so many people commenting right after the successful dragon launch.

  • Christian Rehtorik
    Christian Rehtorik 27 दिन पहले

    Space X creating new technologies while BOENG is putting lipstick on a 747 and calling it cutting edge.

  • Joe King
    Joe King 27 दिन पहले

    What a weird looking guy. Seriously. Take a shower and change your clothes before going on camera. And stop dressing like you’re 10

  • Barrett Prather
    Barrett Prather 28 दिन पहले

    How does the Dragon v2 get back, does it use its super Draco engines for the retrograde burn which would be they are multi purpose launch abort system?

  • Mauricio Martinez
    Mauricio Martinez 28 दिन पहले +1

    Can we just appreciate that curtain draw at 10:55 ?

  • Rajkumar Rathinam Anbazhagan
    Rajkumar Rathinam Anbazhagan 29 दिन पहले

    19:05 lol moment, comparing space shuttle size with other capsules. 😆😆

  • TheAtom
    TheAtom 29 दिन पहले

    SpaceX already got Astronauts to the space station with flying colors. Boeing will likely get their buts sued trying.

  • Franciszek Skoryna
    Franciszek Skoryna 29 दिन पहले

    The Crew Dragon cockpit is like J. J. Abrams Star Trek.. Also a question: What about the DreamChaser???

    DOUGIE FRESH 007 महीने पहले


  • Katia Graca-Caldeira
    Katia Graca-Caldeira महीने पहले +1


  • UncompressedWAVmusic
    UncompressedWAVmusic महीने पहले

    Awesome video. I feel like I just watched a high speed documentary, which is perfect because I just watched the crew enter the ISS a few days ago a 1 minute video and wanted to see and find out more and you just did that. Great video and fact finding and presentation. Mission accomplished on that Mr. Everyday Astronaut.

  • Novel Live Channel
    Novel Live Channel महीने पहले +3

    Are you feel proud on elon musk
    If yes
    Do like
    If not

  • Yarno R
    Yarno R महीने पहले

    Im your 670th sub

  • Jonathan Root
    Jonathan Root महीने पहले +1

    Ones taking astronauts to space. The other is not.

  • Jacques Cardinal
    Jacques Cardinal महीने पहले

    I am betting on SpaceX. I do not trust Boeing. Let's hope my concerns about Boeing are not justified. But I am thinking Space X is more trustworthy.

  • Wycliff Studios
    Wycliff Studios महीने पहले

    Boeing has become super corrupt and is run by accountants. The 737Max and the sub par quality standards of the 787 are the proof

  • spectre_ is_dum
    spectre_ is_dum महीने पहले

    Is that what rocket explosions are called, rapid disassembly?

  • alida flus
    alida flus महीने पहले

    This is like "Motor Week" but with spaceships instead. Good work!

  • jerri lehane
    jerri lehane महीने पहले

    I found People on Mars 2004 ,designed Mars rovers 1987 as Ghostwriter for Star Trek. Catch me on TWITTER for Mars pics/People,animals,civilization.Jerry Lehane (or google Jerry Lehane Mars) People wear light clothes like us,no spacesuits,no breathing devices.Animals too ,no coverings,and such diversity and abundance.Even VIKING 1970's had LIVE visitors,so see them!

  • Paul Round
    Paul Round महीने पहले

    Boeing: 'we are more expensive because we are delivering higher quality product'. Hmmm how's that working out 🤔

    • alida flus
      alida flus महीने पहले

      building a new one they try to cut an old one in half and stick it back together, and we all know how that’s worked out.

  • Rob Fraley
    Rob Fraley महीने पहले

    This was a very Very VERY good and interesting video that just Rolled Along and didn’t seem anywhere near as long as thirty minutes... Good Work on this 😎👍✅

  • James Good
    James Good महीने पहले

    We are gonna have space museums like the ISS is gonna soon just be one big museums were we look at our old space station and see how far we come

  • raytrevor1
    raytrevor1 महीने पहले

    Great video, but it might have been better to compare with Apollo instead of the Shuttle. A similar system.

    • Everyday Astronaut
      Everyday Astronaut  महीने पहले

      As stated, all these vehicles are ISS vehicles 👍

  • Mark Denison
    Mark Denison महीने पहले

    Fireball XL5 Design, kids stuff.

  • Ian Chernencoff
    Ian Chernencoff महीने पहले

    Really great stuff man, thanks!

  • Sub to me I’ll sub to you
    Sub to me I’ll sub to you महीने पहले

    They both look good at the top but then just derp at the bottom

  • pattygq
    pattygq महीने पहले

    18:31 NASA developed this emergency zipline back in the day.

  • Karlis Kristapsons
    Karlis Kristapsons महीने पहले

    can you imagine all this excitement you can get from one heroin fix!!!?

  • Luciano Delai Costa
    Luciano Delai Costa महीने पहले

    Well you should say how Spacex will do that and they did in style and proved every tham skeptical wrong. Thanks to a Very Smart South African Man who started everthing.

  • Mauricio Peterlevitz
    Mauricio Peterlevitz महीने पहले

    Amazing vídeo. Go Nasa , Go SpaceX , Go Boeing

  • Ross Wadeson
    Ross Wadeson महीने पहले

    Brilliant commentary and information Tim. First time I've seen your work, excellent mate! You know your stuff and we really appreciated your knowledge. Tanks for sharing your interest.

  • Michael Turner
    Michael Turner महीने पहले

    I didn't know a potential Starliner landing site is Dugway, UT. I'm excited as a local, but also worried that being Dugway (The new Area 51,) we'll be excluded.

  • Rod ROD
    Rod ROD महीने पहले

    I hope Boeing has a better looking spacesuit...SpaceX suits look really stupid !!!

  • videodoodler
    videodoodler महीने पहले

    The Space Shuttle was just something else entirely. It still makes the basic system applied by the new capsules look old-fashioned. And it's hard to imagine the ISS having ever been built without it. I do hope we see something similar again one day.

  • Jay H
    Jay H महीने पहले

    people dying bro wasting money 🚷

  • Robert Mecalis
    Robert Mecalis महीने पहले +1

    Boeing continues to try to reinvent the wheel, Elon and crew continues to look into the future. I think everyone has seen the fiasco they pulled with their jet liner instead of just building a new one they try to cut an old one in half and stick it back together, and we all know how that’s worked out.

  • Weekee Chew
    Weekee Chew महीने पहले

    They added the aerodynamic skirt aka the foreskin to ensure smooth air flow.

  • William Inbody
    William Inbody महीने पहले +2

    Boeing hasn’t done anything. SpaceX made the engines, the rocket, the stages, the capsule, the software....Boeing is working on a capsule that hasn’t lifted one pound of payload. They don’t make a rocket, and they use Russian engines....they don’t belong being mentioned with SpaceX.

    • Razaqa Deanova
      Razaqa Deanova 28 दिन पहले

      Yeah, they can't even get a commercial plane fly correctly

    • Robert Nicholls
      Robert Nicholls महीने पहले

      Boeing is becoming a shell of themselves. Too much corruption at the top. I'm fearful they'll kill a crew trying to save money by doing stupid stuff.

  • snelpiller
    snelpiller महीने पहले

    Been going on a space shuttle binge, jesus that thing was something

  • Mr BennPulse
    Mr BennPulse महीने पहले

    Spacex is making nasa look like a bunch of chumps lol

    • Robert Nicholls
      Robert Nicholls महीने पहले

      NASA is partnering with them; they aren't doing it by themselves. Also, it's taxpayer money paying for everything Space X is doing so, technically, it's still NASA. They're just not attempting to do it all in house. Before, much of the work was contracted out to Russia.

  • Brian De Souza
    Brian De Souza महीने पहले +3

    SpaceX Dragon makes the Boeing capsule look from the 60s

    • Keith Waites
      Keith Waites महीने पहले

      That's because basically it is (with upgraded electronics)

    • JeanLafitte
      JeanLafitte महीने पहले

      Since the Boeing Starliner's basic concept is a linear expansion of Apollo's Command Module, that's a cogent observation.

  • Carl Robinson
    Carl Robinson महीने पहले +2

    After the Boeing 737 fiasco and cost cutting /time cutting I would not trust them with space travel and reusing capsules

    • Robert Nicholls
      Robert Nicholls महीने पहले

      @JeanLafitte They've enjoyed decades of no competition. Space X should start building commercial planes. Boeing took engineering seriously at one point.

    • JeanLafitte
      JeanLafitte महीने पहले

      Boeing always seems to have understanding Federal contractors when they miss deadlines, and lately they do that a lot.
      The KC-46 contract's milestone slips could justify a TV-india special of its own (though not on Everyday Astronaut).
      Doesn't fill me with confidence for their Starliner. Missing a refuel isn't necessarily lethal. Too many mishaps in space are.

  • DavidAWA
    DavidAWA महीने पहले

    Will never happen...

  • Just Someone
    Just Someone महीने पहले +36

    The cockpit of the Boeing Starliner is just like Boeing’s aircraft. Complicated

    • Matthew Olivier
      Matthew Olivier 9 दिन पहले

      Agreed, its like they took a space shuttle cockpit and shoved it into a crew capsule. Very unimpressed with the design and a bit perplexed at how it can possibly cost more than SpaceX's equivalent, even though Boeing is using a rocket from an entirely different company.

    • The Amazing Brady C C
      The Amazing Brady C C 23 दिन पहले

      LorDawid yep

    • LorDawid
      LorDawid 29 दिन पहले +1

      and spaceX is Airbus.

    • Guy without a name
      Guy without a name महीने पहले +4

      The fact that your pfp is a plane makes me believe that you know what you're saying

  • Tyler Dass
    Tyler Dass महीने पहले


  • Tappio Lopullinen
    Tappio Lopullinen महीने पहले

    The Earth is Flat. There is no "space". The Bible makes it very clear that the earth is flat and the strength of heaven curves over the earth's disk.

    • riot
      riot महीने पहले

      Tappio Lopullinen there is no evidence to prove or disprove the existence of god, so let people believe what they want

    • Tappio Lopullinen
      Tappio Lopullinen महीने पहले

      @Pete is never wrong The ISS does not exist because there is no rotating globe. It is misleading and ridiculous to claim that an ISS would orbit the earth at 27000km / h. Simply ridiculous!

    • Pete is never wrong
      Pete is never wrong महीने पहले

      Top stuff! How long have you been writing for The Onion?

  • Michel Joseph Cardin
    Michel Joseph Cardin महीने पहले

    You wanna know how to do it from down to earth.

  • Rick Z
    Rick Z महीने पहले

    Boeing's "Fire and Rescue Team" aka FART??

  • OneShotCS YT
    OneShotCS YT महीने पहले +1

    And it looks like SpaceX did it!

  • granskare
    granskare महीने पहले +1

    I recall Boeing had problems with it's jets so I think it's Starliner is garbage. Now I am more happy with Space X. NASA seems to want their old fashioned system. NASA should not insist on it's old fashion method.

  • Mike Ege
    Mike Ege महीने पहले +1

    Tim, Awesome video! My new all-time TV-india favorite.....

  • New Notification
    New Notification महीने पहले

    23:38 That is a gross understatement. 7 astronauts were killed:
    - *Francis R. Scobee,* Commander
    - *Michael J. Smith,* Pilot
    - *Ronald McNair,* Mission Specialist
    - *Ellison Onizuka,* Mission Specialist
    - *Judith Resnik,* Mission Specialist
    - *Gregory Jarvis,* Payload Specialist
    - *Christa McAuliffe,* Payload Specialist, Teacher
    "We will never forget them, nor the last time we saw them, this morning, as they prepared for their journey and waved goodbye and 'slipped the surly bonds of Earth' to 'touch the face of God." - John Gillespie Magee Jr.

  • nutsackmania
    nutsackmania महीने पहले

    clips of a shuttle launch will ALWAYS PUT A SMILE ON MY FACE

  • Michael Brodie
    Michael Brodie महीने पहले

    NASA similarly used private contractors for the Apollo missions.

  • Major OMG
    Major OMG महीने पहले

    Crew Dragon Capsule is just ugly

    • Pete is never wrong
      Pete is never wrong महीने पहले

      @Major OMG Some individuals believe inserting a small rodent into their back passage allows them to converse with the dead. I'm not sure which club is more exclusive, yours or theirs.... ;-)

    • Major OMG
      Major OMG महीने पहले

      @Pete is never wrong making it the most exclusive club on earth today and tomorrow

    • Pete is never wrong
      Pete is never wrong महीने पहले

      You're in a club of one.

  • impsquared
    impsquared महीने पहले

    Boeing focus on safely with the Starliner but didn't give a crap about the 737 MAX, I pick SpaceX all the way!

  • pcat1000
    pcat1000 महीने पहले

    DOES anyone else find this guys' voice annoying ?

    • Razaqa Deanova
      Razaqa Deanova 28 दिन पहले +1

      @Pete is never wrong 🙋🏻‍♂️

    • Pete is never wrong
      Pete is never wrong महीने पहले +1

      DOES anyone else find pcat 1000's comment moronic?

    • Everyday Astronaut
      Everyday Astronaut  महीने पहले +1

      Sorry. Not much I can do there for ya. I’m just trying my best to make educational videos 🤷‍♂️

  • John Ross
    John Ross महीने पहले +2

    I'm here because I was watching plan 9 from outer space.

  • John Ross
    John Ross महीने पहले +2

    I'll I heard was s bunch of letters and numbers.

  • Brian Weber
    Brian Weber महीने पहले +4

    Tim, WELL DONE! I thoroughly enjoyed your video, the graphics, the presentation and all the information. Although you are not in a studio per se, I do believe the video is clear, the audio is not distorted or choppy and overall, the edits and cuts are well done. Thank you!

  • Garrett Ord
    Garrett Ord महीने पहले +1

    6:42 if spending a few seconds at 15g's of acceleration can be considered "safe"

  • cobrasvt347
    cobrasvt347 महीने पहले

    Imagine shimmying to ur seat on your back in a heavy space suit. lol might look like a beached whale 🐳

  • Josef-Peter Roemer
    Josef-Peter Roemer महीने पहले

    It wasn't a Russian Monopoly, it was the only way the USA could get to the space station, by paying for a ride the USA considers the enemy. So you need to pick your language a bit better.

    • Michael Keller
      Michael Keller महीने पहले

      @Pete is never wrong actually nope - NASA out"competed" ESA of creating a Crew-Vehicle launched from its Arianne 5-Rockets. There were several approaches, including "Hermes", first as normal spaceship, than as rescue-vehicle for ISS. That was when the STS was still on, and NASA said "if you build this, no european astronaut will fly with the Shuttle anymore; if you don't build Hermes, we'll let 1 (ONE) european astronaut into every mission we fly"... This "competing" continued up to Orion - ESA rethinking of creating a crew-vehicle, NASA saying "if you build the service-module, we'll assure you get ONE astronaut aboard"... (btw Hermes is now flying - as X36 in the states; ESA sold the plans, bought by USA)
      ALSO the chinese are also able to reach ISS, but somehow, it's yet again the US preventing this; chinese would have brought a new laboratory up, payed a lot of dough to be allowed doing so, bringing astronauts up, US didn't want to.'s a monopoly, yes. But one *THE USA* created by "outcompeting" (aka bullying) others out of the equation... so nothing to complain about IMHO. (bully competitors out of the race is neither "free market" nor "the wise move" - imagine Columbia. NASA new about the damages before the reentry. With Hermes as rescue-vehicle at the ISS, the crew would still be alive today (automated reentry of the shuttle "lets try it", but the crew saved by hermes)

    • Pete is never wrong
      Pete is never wrong महीने पहले +1

      So, it was a Russian monopoly. His language was fine.

  • Leo Gonzalez
    Leo Gonzalez महीने पहले

    The biggest feat of the international space station was keeping the Soviets brightest minds busy instead of going to work on some unsavory projects for who knows who!

  • Bob Boberson
    Bob Boberson महीने पहले

    Pretty exciting that - basically, a start up beats a lengendary aerospace company to ISS. Well done, SpaceX. This is our future. And it's looking bright. I recall Elon Musk shedding tears when the old-guard astronauts testified in congress that privateers were a bad idea. (They would probably be angry with your Channel name too!) But regardless of your political views, Obama was right to break up NASA. It was a typical bloated government institution - and is much more valuable currently streamlined. And Musk made it happen. As he does. Excellent post, EA. Major information - well presented. My new source for up-to-date Spacehead stuff!

  • Larry Champion
    Larry Champion महीने पहले

    Watching the return of the booster to Port Canaveral was quite exciting, too.

  • Bry
    Bry महीने पहले

    I want to travel in Uranus...

  • Chris McMillen
    Chris McMillen महीने पहले +1

    21:01 everyone has the same streamline design for flight....except russia of course.

  • Dan Colavito
    Dan Colavito महीने पहले


  • chris prosperi
    chris prosperi महीने पहले +2

    Crazy spacex did all that with 1 b less....

  • Wings Ofcain
    Wings Ofcain महीने पहले

    By no means am I a rocket scientists.. However it seems to me that we have not new forward. We went from capsules to shuttle back to capsule. Throughout all the years of development no one has came up what a suitable craft that can be launched into space And after completing its mission sort through the atmosphere After such event possessing the capability to be flown back to base.

  • akar abdallatyf
    akar abdallatyf महीने पहले

    Kudos humanity say always bismiLLAH بسم الله

    • Pete is never wrong
      Pete is never wrong महीने पहले

      We will not let you go! Let me go!
      No no no no no no no!

  • Papa Palpatine
    Papa Palpatine महीने पहले

    The shuttle was a luxury liner compared to these capsules.

    • Mad Pistol
      Mad Pistol महीने पहले

      Luxury costs money. That's the reason the Space Shuttle cost upwards of $1 billion per launch and the Falcon 9 costs a fraction of that.

    • Simon Y
      Simon Y महीने पहले +1

      A luxury liner is a good comparison, because it's an incredibly capable and impressive thing, but is also absurdly expensive and much less safe than more modern options

    FERRARA JOSEPH महीने पहले

    Russia has the most smallest rockets showing that the soyuz rocket is smaller than the shuttle is embarassing

  • Adrian Speight
    Adrian Speight महीने पहले +59

    I'm back here because I'm still thrilled that Tim is now officially friends with Elon Musk - great pre-launch interview!

  • Benoit Avril
    Benoit Avril महीने पहले

    Seriously, arguing the lame minimalist design you see on your laptop is "more sexy" is really a lack of taste. You forgot to say goodjob to roscosmos which sent your astronauts in space for 10 years, what about gratitude for godsake!

    • Pete is never wrong
      Pete is never wrong महीने पहले

      You're mixing up opinions with facts. And your opinion is just that, an opinion.

  • drdts
    drdts महीने पहले

    Its so amazing... only one year passed... and... well... its done... :D

  • Benoit Avril
    Benoit Avril महीने पहले

    Except for the promotion, and the will to look futuristic using a screen to control everything is completely dumb and very dangerous. If your screen has a problem, the whole system has a problem, this is why we still use analogic electronic. Elon has been very lucky with that choice, but clearly not wise. That might not be such a problem for a short travel, but for a station or a long time spaceship. Does he want to change the screen each time there is a problem with the screen controller? What if it's not coming from the screen but a recurring burst in voltage that destroys the screen?

  • steve Marking
    steve Marking महीने पहले

    Didn’t shuttle launch from LC39 at the cape? At 1002 you said it’s the last human launch since 1968.

    • Everyday Astronaut
      Everyday Astronaut  महीने पहले +1

      Shuttle launched from Kennedy Space Center. The last time a human launched from next door Cape Canaveral Air Force Station was way back then! Small distinction but a fun one.

  • Kelso Watsey
    Kelso Watsey महीने पहले

    Is anyone here after watching the Starliner launch? oh wait....... ;)

  • Bob Gilchrist
    Bob Gilchrist महीने पहले

    Terrific content - thank you!

  • Roy Tan
    Roy Tan महीने पहले

    do a comparison video of the space shuttle vs dragon. I would like to find out what has been improved since 2011.

  • Eliot451 Reade
    Eliot451 Reade महीने पहले

    24:43 82 million for a seat on a Soyuz? I'm surprised it's that expensive.

    • Eliot451 Reade
      Eliot451 Reade महीने पहले

      @Roy Emory Well there is competition now.

    • Roy Emory
      Roy Emory महीने पहले

      There was no competition?